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The study of the living retina and the diseases that affect it was made possible by the invention of the ophthalmoscope. This instrument remains a cornerstone of the specialty of ophthalmology. In 1971, Dr C. Wilber Rucker of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn, privately published a slender volume titled A History of the Ophthalmoscope, summarizing with charm and accuracy the history of this instrument and its in
Albert DM. The Ophthalmoscope, Part I: A Contribution to the History of Its Development Up to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. Arch Ophthalmol. 1997;115(8):1089-1090. doi:10.1001/archopht.1997.01100160259034