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December 1997

Small Choroidal Melanoma

Author Affiliations

Miami, Fla

Arch Ophthalmol. 1997;115(12):1577-1578. doi:10.1001/archopht.1997.01100160747013

In this issue of the Archives, the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) Group reports on factors that are predictive of growth and treatment of small choroidal melanomas based on data generated from their small-tumor observational study.1 Their article sets the stage for an ongoing debate in the evaluation and management of patients with presumed small choroidal melanomas.

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignant neoplasm in adults. The management of patients with this malignancy has been a topic of controversy for decades. In 1985 the National Eye Institute,joined by the National Cancer Institute in 1991, funded the COMS Group to evaluate the treatment of choroidal melanoma.2 The COMS was structured in 3 protocols: 2 randomized clinical trials to evaluate treatment of medium and large choroidal melanomas and a third, nonrandomized study of small choroidal melanomas.3 The large-tumor treatment trial compared fractionated external beam radiotherapy prior

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