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September 1974

Five-Year Perspective on Trachoma in the San Xavier Papago Indian

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis.

Arch Ophthalmol. 1974;92(3):211-212. doi:10.1001/archopht.1974.01010010219006

For five consecutive years, active trachoma has been surveyed and treated in the entire population of the San Xavier Papago Indian Reservation on the premise that only such a major effort would be successful in eradication of this disease. Numerous socioenvironmental factors have been evaluated in detail. During that time, rapid improvement in housing and sanitation standards has occurred. The incidence of active trachoma has been substantially reduced in the children and virtually eliminated in the adults as a result of this wide-scale effort. Nevertheless, the total reservation screening approach does not seem to have been warranted.

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