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April 1988

Lacrimal Anomalies in Robinow's Syndrome

Arch Ophthalmol. 1988;106(4):454. doi:10.1001/archopht.1988.01060130496017

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To the Editor.  —Robinow's (fetal face) syndrome is a form of mesomelic dwarfism characterized by hypoplastic genitalia; atypical facies, with a flat profile, prominent forehead, hypoplastic mandible, hypertelorism, long philtrum, and short, flat upturned nose; and an increased tendency for infections.1 We herein report a case of Robinow's syndrome with bilateral atresia of the ostium lacrimale and absent upper lacrimal canaliculi and puncta.

Report of a Case.  —A 9-month-old black female infant with a negative family history and bilateral epiphora since birth had macrocrania, a large anterior fontanelle, frontal bossing, hypertelorism, a small mouth, a flat facial profile, a long philtrum (Fig 1), hyperplastic alveolar ridges, a small upturned nose, a hypoplastic clitoris, short forearms, absence of the upper lacrimal puncta, and bilateral chronic purulent dacryocystitis. Refraction and slit-lamp biomicroscopic, ophthalmoscopic, and tonometric examinations were otherwise unremarkable. After ten days of conservative treatment, she developed a Streptococcus pneumoniae, acute

Rodríguez Costa T, García de León R, Casas Fernández C, et al:  Síndrome de Robinow (nanismo de la cara fetal) . An Esp Pediatr 1984;20:55-61.
Aguirre Vila-Coro A, Aguirre Vila-Coro A, Murube del Castillo J:  Comparacíon de la radiografía simple, tomografía, tomodensitometría coronal y radiografía con sustracción ósea digital en el estudio de las vías lacrimales . Arch Soc Esp Oftal 1984;47:53-58.
Murube del Castillo J: Dacriologia Básica . Madrid, Royper, 1981, p 635.