• In proliferative vitreoretinopathy, macrophages and retinal pigment epithelial cells are associated with microfibrillar matrix proteins in the vitreous cavity, but the contribution of this extracellular matrix to the pathophysiology is not known. We used radiolabeling techniques on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells to correlate the secretion of extracellular matrix proteins with macrophage-induced modulation of cell proliferation and morphologic features. Retinal pigment epithelial cells incubated in a macrophage-conditioned medium assumed fibrocytelike morphologic characteristics, grew faster, and exhibited a decreased cellular release of fibrillar and nonfibrillar matrix components. However, due to a simultaneous greater increase in cell numbers in these modulated cultures, the total production of fibrillar and nonfibrillar maxtrix components by the culture population was increased.
Martini B, Wang H, Lee MB, Ogden TE, Ryan SJ, Sorgente N. Synthesis of Extracellular Matrix by Macrophage-Modulated Retinal Pigment Epithelium. Arch Ophthalmol. 1991;109(4):576-580. doi:10.1001/archopht.1991.01080040144046