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May 1993

Comparison of the Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue, the Farnsworth D-15, and the L'Anthony D-15 Desaturated Color Tests

Author Affiliations

From the University of Missouri-St Louis School of Optometry (Dr Bassi), and the Bethesda Eye Institute, Department of Ophthalmology, St Louis University (Drs Bassi and Galanis and Mr Hoffman).

Arch Ophthalmol. 1993;111(5):639-641. doi:10.1001/archopht.1993.01090050073032

• Objective.  —The Farnsworth-Munsell 100-Hue, the Farnsworth D-15, and the L'Anthony D-15 desaturated color tests were administered to patients with glaucoma to determine whether the D-15 or D-15 desaturated color tests could be used to predict performance on the 100-Hue test in clinical populations.

Methods.  —The three color tests were administered to 35 patients with glaucoma. The results were analyzed using the method of Vingrys and King-Smith that calculates an angle (type of color loss) score, S-index (measure of the randomness of cap arrangement), and a C-index (a measure of the severity of color loss) based on the cap arrangement.

Results.  —The 100-Hue error score was significantly related to the D-15 and D-15 desaturated C-indexes. Furthermore, the 100-Hue S-index could be predicted from the D-15 or D-15 desaturated S-indexes. The 100-Hue angle could not be predicted from the D-15 or D-15 desaturated color tests.

Conclusions.  —The D-15 desaturated color test (which requires significantly less time to administer) may be used to assess the severity of color vision deficit in some patient populations.

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