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October 2016 - January 1929

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November 1, 2016, Vol 134, No. 11, Pages 1213-1336

In This Issue of JAMA Ophthalmology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1213. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.3268
Viewpoint

First Locally Transmitted Zika Virus Cases Identified in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1219-1220. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3623

This Viewpoint discusses the response to the Zika virus cases identified in Florida.

Original Investigation

Patients’ Adherence to Recommended Follow-up Eye Care After Diabetic Retinopathy Screening in a Publicly Funded County Clinic and Factors Associated With Follow-up Eye Care Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1221-1228. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3081

This follow-up study of persons with diabetes assesses the rate of adhering to recommended follow-up eye care in a diabetic retinopathy screening program administered in a safety-net health care facility and examines factors associated with follow-up eye care use.

Malpractice Litigation in Pediatric Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1230-1235. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3190

This study of ophthalmology-related lawsuits describes and analyzes the causes and outcomes of ophthalmology medical malpractice litigation involving patients younger than 18 years.

Prevalence of Noninfectious Uveitis in the United StatesA Claims-Based Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1237-1245. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3229

This analysis aims to estimate the prevalence of noninfectious uveitis using a large, retrospective, administrative claims database.

Use of Alleviating Maneuvers for Periocular Facial Dystonias

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1247-1252. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3277

This cross-sectional observational study reports on whether the use of alleviating maneuvers for benign essential blepharospasm or hemifacial spasm correlates with disease severity or botulinum toxin treatment.

Risk for Exfoliation Syndrome in Women With Pelvic Organ Prolapse A Utah Project on Exfoliation Syndrome (UPEXS) Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1255-1262. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3411

This study uses data from the Utah Population Database to examine the risk of exfoliation syndrome in women who previously have experienced pelvic organ prolapse.

Analysis of Discrepancy Between Diagnostic Clinical Examination Findings and Corresponding Evaluation of Digital Images in the Telemedicine Approaches to Evaluating Acute-Phase Retinopathy of Prematurity Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1263-1270. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3502

This study characterizes the discrepancies in findings of retinopathy of prematurity between digital retinal image grading and examination results from the Telemedicine Approaches to Evaluating Acute-Phase Retinopathy of Prematurity study.

Histopathological Insights Into Choroidal Vascular Loss in Clinically Documented Cases of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1272-1280. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3519

This cross-sectional study examines histopathologic changes in the choriocapillaris of eyes with clinically documented age-related macular degeneration.

Influence of Computer-Generated Mosaic Photographs on Retinopathy of Prematurity Diagnosis and Management

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1283-1289. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3625

This cohort study examines the potential influence of computer-generated mosaic photographs on the diagnosis and management of retinopathy of prematurity.

Assessment of Somatosensory Function in Patients With Idiopathic Dry Eye Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1290-1298. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3642

This cross-sectional study evaluates the use of the forearm as a remote site in assessment of pain sensitivity in individuals with idiopathic dry eye symptoms.

Association of Changes in Visual Acuity With Vision-Specific Functioning in the Singapore Malay Eye Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1299-1305. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3692

This population-based longitudinal study uses data from the Singapore Malay Eye Study to examine the association of changes in presenting visual acuity with vision-specific functioning.

Brief Report

Novel Phagocytosis-Resistant Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase–Producing Escherichia coli From Keratitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1306-1309. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3283

This case report describes a woman with recurrent keratitis who had a corneal ulcer caused by a multidrug-resistant extended-spectrum β-lactamase–producing strain of Escherichia coli with a novel mutation in yrfF conferring mucoidy and phagocytosis resistance.

Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography in Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1310-1314. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3513

This case report describes 2 female patients with acute macular neuroretinopathy who underwent multimodal imaging including optical coherence tomographic angiography that identified flow deficits at the level of the choriocapillaris.

Photoreceptor Arrangement Changes Secondary to Choroidal Nevus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1315-1319. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3633

This case series evaluates the use of an adaptive optics system to analyze retinal structural changes overlying choroidal nevi.

Invited Commentary

Improving Ocular Telehealth Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1228-1229. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3087

Learning From Malpractice Litigation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1235-1236. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2981

Prevalence of the Uveitides in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1245-1246. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3289

Alleviating Maneuvers for Benign Essential Blepharospasm and Hemifacial Spasm

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1253-1254. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2983

Telemedicine for Retinopathy of PrematurityAn Evolving Paradigm

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1270-1271. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3518

Early Insight Into Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1281-1282. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3031

Remote Quantitative Sensory Testing and Neuropathic Ocular Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1298. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3649
JAMA Ophthalmology Clinical Challenge

Reduced Visual Acuity Following Kidney Stone Extraction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1321-1322. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2173

A man in his 60s presented with reduced visual acuity in his right eye and had vitritis, mild optic disc edema, scattered elevated white chorioretinal lesions, and a prominent macular lesion on examination following several urologic procedures. What would you do next?

Traumatic Cataract and Heterochromia Iridis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1323-1324. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2116

An otherwise healthy white man in his 40s had decreased vision with a white cataract and tearing, photophobia, and burning in his left eye. He had been treated for a corneal abrasion and treated with topical antibiotics 1 year prior. What would you do next?

Unilateral Proptosis, Redness, Diplopia, and Numbness in a Young Woman

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1325-1326. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2129

A woman had worsening bulging, redness, and mild pain in her right eye; imaging, angiography, and venography of the brain and orbits revealed extraocular muscle enlargement and enhancement. What would you do next?

A Slightly Displaced Pupil in One Eye

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1327-1328. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2152

A boy aged 17 years presented after noticing that his right pupil was off-center without associated symptoms of decreased vision, ocular pain, diplopia, glare, or haloes and with no history of ocular infection, surgical procedure, or trauma. Slitlamp examination confirmed mild corectopia in the right eye, along with 4 clock hours of iridocorneal touch nasally and a “hammered silver” appearance to the involved cornea. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Presence of Zika Virus in Conjunctival Fluid

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1330-1332. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3417

This study examines whether Zika virus can be detected in conjunctival fluid.

Observation

Peripapillary Capillary Dilation in Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy Revealed by Optical Coherence Tomographic Angiography

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1332-1334. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3593

This case report describes a man in his 30s with a maternal family history of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy who presented with 10 days of subacute, painless vision loss in the left eye.

Comment & Response

Institutional Conflict of Interest

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1334-1335. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3248

Institutional Conflict of Interest—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1335. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3250

Interpreting Database Studies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1335-1336. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3246

Interpreting Database Studies—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1336. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.3252
Correction

Error in Financial Disclosure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1336. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.4005
Ophthalmic Images

Imaging of Ocular Perforation After Retrobulbar Block

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):e162716. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2716

A man in his 40s underwent a scleral buckle procedure where a needle inadvertently perforated the eye.

Mascara-Induced Conjunctival Pigmentation

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):e162720. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2720

A woman in her 60s with bilateral inferior conjunctival pigmentation in a patchy, linear pattern was referred for a presumptive diagnosis of conjunctival melanoma.

Conjunctival Melanoma in a Black Patient

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):e162726. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2726

A black woman in her early 40s presented with a pigmented conjunctival lesion of the right eye that had been present since childhood, which histological analysis showed to be conjunctival melanoma.

Novel Macular Findings on Optical Coherence Tomography in Incontinentia Pigmenti

Abstract Full Text
online only
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):e162751. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.2751

A 3-week-old girl with incontinentia pigmenti and vitreous hemorrhage had bilateral peripheral retinal neovascularization and associated preretinal hemorrhage on clinical examination.

JAMA Ophthalmology Masthead

JAMA Ophthalmology

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(11):1215. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2015.3269
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