In a review of 3 consecutive cases and the surgical maneuvers used in managing them, Emanuelli and Smiddy present options for managing a patient with a dislocated intraocular lens (IOL) in the presence of a second, nondislocated IOL.
Conjunctival autografts offer a promising treatment of frequent and aggressive recurrence of pterygia. Al Fayez compares conjunctival autografts with inclusion of limbal epithelium cells in a randomized parallel-group study.
Sambursky and colleagues compare the clinical sensitivity and specificity of AdenoPlus with those of both viral cell culture and polymerase chain reaction at detecting the presence of adenovirus in tear fluid.
Sambursky et al evaluated the sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of a rapid point-of-care test (InflammaDry) for detection of elevated matrix metalloproteinase 9 levels in diagnosing dry eye.
Liarakos and colleagues define various Descemet graft unfolding techniques in Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). The retrospective analysis evaluated and categorized the surgical videos of 100 consecutive DMEK cases with at least 6 months of follow-up.
Mroczkowska et al evaluate patients with primary open-angle glaucoma vs normal-angle glaucoma to determine whether the differences in ocular and systemic circulation warrant separating the two types of glaucoma into distinct entities.
To evaluate changes in the speed of pupil constriction and in anterior segment parameters after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in 29 patients with angle closure, Zheng and Guzman used anterior segment optical coherence tomography to measure pupil and anterior segment changes in response to illumination before and after LPI.
Prompt diagnosis of vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) is essential to a favorable prognosis. Levasseur et al reviewed medical records to determine the incidence and clinical features of VRL and the accuracy of diagnostic procedures.
Wen and coauthors estimate the lifetime attributable risk of cancer associated with whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and with CT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis if performed at various frequencies and for different durations for surveillance of patients with primary choroidal or ciliary body melanoma for distant metastasis.
Choi and colleagues reviewed the records of 314 preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, South Korea, from October 2006 to November 2010 to investigate the efficacy of the WINROP screening algorithm to predict proliferative retinopathy of prematurity.
Ratnam and coauthors used high-resolution macular images (adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and spectral domain optical coherence tomography) to study macular structure and function in patients with Usher syndrome type III caused by mutations in the Clarin 1 gene.
Shen et al use data from a national survey of strabismus surgeons to estimate the prevalence of surgical errors, assess contributing factors, and suggest practices to prevent these errors.
Wang and colleagues provide a current understanding of the role of oxidative stress in activating signaling pathways that cause pathologic features in severe retinopathy of prematurity as it manifests in the era of oxygen regulation.
Margo et al explore how a now obscure essay written by Denis Diderot (1713- 1784) during the Age of Enlightenment may represent the turning point in Western attitudes toward visual impairment.