Although children with cochlear implants can gain age-appropriate language skills, their reduced hearing capability may affect neurocognitive skill development. Kronenberger and colleagues studied 73 cochlear implant users and 78 normal hearing controls aged 3 to 18 years with average to above average intelligence quotient and no other developmental or neurologic problems. They found that in most areas of executive functioning, implant users had increased risk of clinically significant deficits in comprehension and conceptual learning, factual and working memory, attention, sequential processing, and novel problem solving. They thus recommended that these children be routinely screened for risks for executive functioning deficits.
Highlights. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(7):587. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.4300