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Tracheotomy is commonly performed in the pediatric population, with an estimated 4800 tracheotomy procedures performed on patients under the age of 18 years annually in the United States.1 In particular, infant tracheotomy has previously been identified by Shah et al2 as one of the largest contributors to morbidity in pediatric otolaryngology. Efforts have begun in the otolaryngology community at local, national, and international levels to standardize and improve safety and quality of care for patients undergoing tracheotomy, through organizations such as the Global Tracheotomy Collaborative and the International Pediatric Otolaryngology Group. Despite these efforts, there is still a knowledge gap regarding best practices for pediatric tracheotomy.
Ishman SL, Hart CK. Improving Outcomes and Promoting Quality in Otolaryngology—Beyond the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(3):247-248. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3907