Shay and colleagues used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine trends in care patterns and use of health services for inpatient pediatric tonsillectomy in teaching and nonteaching institutions for the years 2000, 2005, and 2010. The proportion of Medicaid recipients undergoing inpatient tonsillectomy at both types of institutions increased significantly. In addition, procedures for all children and for those with comorbidities such as bleeding disorders and asthma were increasingly more likely to be performed in an academic institution. Future research is needed to explore the implications of this increased regionalization on the quality and cost of pediatric tonsillectomy.
Highlights. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):111. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1785