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Original Investigation
May 2016

Current Pediatric Tertiary Care Admission Practices Following Adenotonsillectomy

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware
  • 2Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Colorado Children’s Hospital, Aurora

Copyright 2016 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):452-456. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0051

Importance  Pediatric adenotonsillectomy is a frequently performed procedure. Few studies have examined perioperative practice patterns for children undergoing adenotonsillectomy.

Objective  To assess current group practice patterns associated with the perioperative care of children undergoing adenotonsillectomy for sleep-disordered breathing at tertiary care children’s hospitals following the release of the 2011 American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) clinical practice guidelines.

Design, Setting, and Participants  A cross-sectional survey was distributed to the chiefs of 72 pediatric otolaryngology divisions at tertiary care children’s hospitals in the United States and Canada from March 25 to April 16, 2014.

Main Outcomes and Measures  Internet-based survey responses from the chiefs of pediatric otolaryngology at tertiary care children’s hospitals in the United States and Canada, who responded regarding group, rather than individual, practices.

Results  Of the 72 surveys sent, 48 responses (67%) were received. Twenty-one respondents (44%) reported that their group has no official admission policy for children with sleep-disordered breathing. Seventy-three percent (29 of 40) reported using some measure of obesity as a criterion for postoperative admission. The AAO-HNS polysomnography criteria for severe obstructive sleep apnea were used by 40% of respondents (16 of 40) as admission criteria, whereas 15% (6 of 40) used the American Academy of Pediatrics criteria for severe obstructive sleep apnea. Seventy-three percent (29 of 40) reported requiring a child to be asleep while breathing room air without oxygen desaturation before discharge to home. An established minimum time for observation was reported by 43 of the respondents (90%). Institution size or volume of adenotonsillectomies performed did not affect the results.

Conclusions and Relevance  Many tertiary care children’s hospitals in the United States do not have an official admission policy to guide adenotonsillectomy care. Even for institutions that do have an official admission policy, the policies are not universally aligned with the AAO-HNS clinical practice guidelines. These survey results demonstrate an opportunity to improve quality and safety regarding admission policy practice patterns after pediatric adenotonsillectomy.