Clinical Note
September 15, 2008

Mycobacterium abscessus, an Uncommon Cause of Chronic Otitis MediaA Case Report and Literature Review

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (Drs Linmans and Stokroos) and Medical Microbiology (Dr Linssen), University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, the Netherlands.


Copyright 2008 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2008

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134(9):1004-1006. doi:10.1001/archotol.134.9.1004

Otitis media with otorrhea is common in children. Worldwide, 4% of all otitis media in children is caused by tuberculous otitis media.1 Otitis media due to a nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) is uncommon. Since the description of the first case in 1976, only 31 well-documented cases of middle ear infections caused by NTM have been reported.13 Originally, NTM were divided into 4 groups using the Runyon classification, based on growth rate and pigment production.4 However, in recent years more accurate species-specific identification by means of molecular techniques are available.5 Due to the increase of immunosuppressive conditions, the incidence of NTM infections has also increased.2 A relatively common NTM infection is cervical lymphadenitis.1,2,6,7

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