The immunocompromised host is subject to a variety of opportunistic infections. Mycotic infections, including invasive fungal sinusitis, are a dreaded complication in immune deficient children. Fungal mastoiditis has rarely been described in this population. Our experience with 2 cases of fungal mastoiditis in immunocompromised children is reviewed. Case histories describing aggressive medical management with and without surgical intervention and a review of the literature are presented.
Slack CL, Watson DW, Abzug MJ, Shaw C, Chan KH. Fungal Mastoiditis in Immunocompromised Children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1999;125(1):73-75. doi:10.1001/archotol.125.1.73