A review of the literature yields meager results in regard to the regeneration of the lining of the maxillary antrums following the complete (or incomplete) removal of the original membrane at the time of operation.
Tonndorf1 reported the case of a patient who died of an abscess of the liver one month after a radical operation on the antrum, during which a complete removal of the lining had been done. He noted that a granulation tissue originating from the endosteum covered all parts of the antrum, and that ciliated columnar epithelium was growing in from the naso-antral opening. The outermost edge of the ingrowing epithelium was of the flat type, but farther back the ciliated type was evident. Goblet cells were also present in the epithelial covering.
Skillern2 mentioned two cases in which inspection of the antrums through openings in the canine fossa some years after radical operations showed the
GORHAM CB, BACHER JA. REGENERATION OF THE HUMAN MAXILLARY ANTRAL LINING. Arch Otolaryngol. 1930;11(6):763–771. doi:10.1001/archotol.1930.03560060089008