Although malignant tumors of the larynx are frequently encountered, primary carcinoma of the trachea is rare. Moreover, in the majority of cases, such lesions are not recognized until they are so far advanced that treatment is of little, if of any, avail. Lesions that occur in the upper portion of the trachea are accessible surgically, and offer a good chance of cure, providing an early diagnosis is established. Even early growths in this situation often produce a syndrome that is sufficiently characteristic to direct the attention of the alert laryngologist or bronchoscopist to this region, and with careful investigation the lesion should be recognized.
Few cases of primary carcinoma of the trachea, in which the patients have remained well for more than a year, are recorded in the literature. Such a case, together with four others presenting primary carcinoma of this structure, seen in the Mayo Clinic, are reported herewith.
FIGI FA. PRIMARY CARCINOMA OF THE TRACHEA. Arch Otolaryngol. 1930;12(4):446–456. doi:10.1001/archotol.1930.03570010510004