Irrigation of the maxillary sinus is frequently carried out because of its value as a diagnostic and therapeutic method in the management of disease in this cavity.
The maxillary sinus was first described by Julius Casserius1 in 1612. Andre Vesalius called attention to the space in the upper jaw in 1643, and Jeanty2 mentioned that this structure was known to Fallopius in 1584 and to Ingrassius in 1603. In 1651, Nathaniel Highmore described a case of suppurative disease of the maxillary sinus. Since that time it has been known as the antrum of Highmore.
Irrigation can be carried out by means of any technic or operation that provides access to the antral cavity. There are five methods for accomplishing this:
1. Irrigation through the alveolar margin after a tooth, usually the first molar, has been extracted (Meibomius,3 1718 and Drake,4 1722). This method is not used in rhinologic practice
MYERSON MC. NATURAL ORIFICE OF THE MAXILLARY SINUSII. CLINICAL STUDIES. Arch Otolaryngol. 1932;15(5):716–733. doi:10.1001/archotol.1932.03570030737006