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Article
November 1944

COMPLICATIONS OF OTITIS MEDIA AND THEIR TREATMENT

Arch Otolaryngol. 1944;40(5):382-384. doi:10.1001/archotol.1944.00680020482003
Abstract

A survey of recent cases of infection of the ear at a United States Naval Hospital revealed an unusual incidence of complications. Their clinical course and response to treatment will be reviewed.

The following data were obtained from the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Service. They cover a period from Nov. 1, 1943 until May 15, 1944. During this time there was an average daily census of 380. More than one half of these patients had acute aural infections. The hospital was the receiving station for the entire Naval District. Many patients with surgical mastoiditis, often with grave complications, were admitted as such.

During this period 170 mastoidectomies were performed. The otitic complications encountered are listed in table 1.

OTITIC MENINGITIS—20 CASES  In the cases of otitic meningitis the leukocyte counts on the spinal fluid varied from 600 to 17,000 cells. In 7 cases virulent micro-organisms were grown

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