THE DISCUSSION on hearing started four hundred years ago and the argument still continues. It is therefore with some apprehension that any one attempting the reorganization and reorientation of ideas on this subject approaches such a task. That operative procedures have restored hearing in various forms of deafness is now an accomplished fact, and whereas it may at one time have been permissible for theories of hearing to remain comfortable academic abstractions reserved for physicists and physiologists, Lempert in the last decade has revolutionized the situation. Once otologists are able to restore hearing by operation it becomes essential for them to understand how the human being hears, and theories of hearing may no longer remain in the esoteric sphere.
It is my belief that otologic teaching must be revised and that the hydrodynamic hypothesis offers a satisfying explanation for many phenomena in this complex function.
What Is Meant
POPPER O. HYDRODYNAMICS AND HEARINGI. The Operative Relief of Otosclerotic and Nonotosclerotic Deafness and Its Relationship to a Hydrodynamic Hypothesis of Hearing; a Suggested Explanation for (a) the Intimate Association of the Organs of Balance and the Organ of Hearing and for (b) the Function of the Incus. Arch Otolaryngol. 1949;49(4):335–349. doi:10.1001/archotol.1949.03760100003001