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Article
March 1950

CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE DEAFNESS, INCLUDING OTOSCLEROSIS AND DISEASES OF THE INNER EARReview of 1947 Literature

Arch Otolaryngol. 1950;51(3):422-437. doi:10.1001/archotol.1950.00700020444013
Abstract

A LARGE part of the 1947 literature again is concerned with the surgical treatment of clinical otosclerosis. All significant contributions on the subject of deafness have been reviewed and arranged according to the following subjects: otosclerosis; deafness due to trauma; Ménière's syndrome, and miscellaneous contributions on causes and treatment.

OTOSCLEROSIS  Fowler1 reports a detailed study of 5 pairs of identical twins with otosclerosis. In every instance menstruation began earlier in the twin now the deafer of the pair. In 3 pairs the phosphatase activity was lower in the deafer twin, and in 4 pairs it was lower in the twin who first noted any deafness. During several years little, if any, increase in deafness has been noted, in spite of pregnancies and infections of the upper respiratory tract in several cases. The deafness was shared by both twins of each pair with one exception. However, the deaf twin in this

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