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The Surgical Anatomy of the Facial Nerve and Parotid Gland. Dr. Barry J. Anson and Dr. Richard A. Davis.
The parotid gland together with its duct and the facial nerve were studied in dissections of 300 cervicofacial halves in order to provide additional information on the anatomy of each of these structures separately and to record the major aspects of their interrelationship.The size of the gland is a highly variable feature; the vertical dimension (height) was found to vary between 6 and 9 cm. as extremes. In horizontal plane (width) the extremes were 2 and 5 cm.Relationships of the gland vary, of course, with its dimensions. But in addition to differences which depend upon the extent of the area covered, heterogenicity in arterial and venous supply makes for further complexity. Related skeletal structures are also variable. The styloid process belongs in this category.
Leshin N, Friedberg SA. CHICAGO LARYNGOLOGICAL AND OTOLOGICAL SOCIETY. AMA Arch Otolaryngol. 1955;61(6):708–720. doi:10.1001/archotol.1955.00720020726017