January 1977

Irradiated Homologous Costal Cartilage for Facial Contour Restoration

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, Iowa City. Dr Schuller is now with the Department of Otolaryngology, Ohio State University, Columbus.

Arch Otolaryngol. 1977;103(1):12-15. doi:10.1001/archotol.1977.00780180050002

• This study represents a retrospective evaluation of 145 implants of irradiated homologous costal cartilage used over a three-year period for facial contour restoration in a variety of anatomic sites. In this series, the immediate complication rate was 5.5%, the late complication rate was 2.1%, and the partial resorption rate was 1.4%. The infection rate for the implants inserted intraorally onto the face of the maxilla did not have a statistically significant difference from the infection rate for the entire series, thus demonstrating that this implant is not easily infected. These results establish irradiated homologous costal cartilage as a valid implant material.

(Arch Otolaryngol 103:12-15, 1977)