• Total ophthalmoplegia is a serious complication of internal maxillary artery ligation. Although serious complications of transantral surgery of the pterygopalatine space are rare, they remain a very real possibility and should be considered before undertaking arterial ligation for treatment of posterior epistaxis.
(Arch Otolaryngol 1985;111:696-698)
Beall J, Scholl P, Jafek B. Total Ophthalmoplegia After Internal Maxillary Artery Ligation. Arch Otolaryngol. 1985;111(10):696–698. doi:10.1001/archotol.1985.00800120090012