• With a "plastic leaf" electrode, cochlear summating potential (SP) and auditory nerve action potential (AP) responses to rectangular-pulse clicks were recorded from the ear canal skin surface of 96 normal-hearing ears of 48 subjects. The main goals of this investigation were to develop a more precise characterization of the relationship between SP and AP amplitudes across normal ears and to determine the confidence limits of this relationship so that a more accurate "normal limit" could be established for clinical testing. The results suggest that the across-subjects SP-AP amplitude relationship is linear. Also, SP scatter increases as AP amplitude increases, but the scatter is equalized by log transforming the data. The distance of the SP from the log-transformed SP-AP estimating line in SE ("AP-normalized SP amplitude") was found to be superior to the SP/AP amplitude ratio as a method of adjusting SP to AP amplitude, because the SP/AP ratio varied significantly with AP amplitude both across subjects and with different ear canal electrode positions.
(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1986;112:759-768)
Coats AC. The Normal Summating Potential Recorded From External Ear Canal. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1986;112(7):759–768. doi:10.1001/archotol.1986.03780070071016