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February 1988

Correlation Between High-Resolution Computed Tomography and Surgical Findings in Congenital Aural Atresia

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Otolaryngology (Drs Mehra, Dubey, and Mann) and Radiodiagnosis (Dr Suri), Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1988;114(2):137-141. doi:10.1001/archotol.1988.01860140035016

• Congenital aural atresia poses a great challenge, even to a competent otologic surgeon, due to innumerable types of malformations affecting the conduction and perception of sound. Roentgenographic evaluation by plain roentgenography is inconclusive in most cases; polytomography is helping to some extent. Recent generations of high-resolution computed tomographic (CT) scanners are probably the best. Seven cases of unilateral and three cases of bilateral congenital aural atresia were evaluated with high-resolution CT. Subsequently, ten ears were operated on. Surgical findings were correlated with CT scan findings with respect to atresia plate, extent of pneumatization, ossicular anomalies, bony facial nerve canal, and inner ear. Use of CT scans bears considerable importance in the management of these types of cases. High-resolution CT scan, when targeted for maximal bony detail, is possibly the method of choice in congenital aural atresia when surgical correction is contemplated.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1988;114:137-141)