We reviewed cases of early childhood hoarseness caused by vocal nodules and functional hearing loss as being possible manifestations of child abuse. This is a retrospective review set in two urban referral centers. The patients consisted of four children with vocal nodules and known histories of abuse, and four children with functional hearing loss and histories suggestive of abuse. Vocal nodules or functional hearing loss may be indicators of an abusive situation. Child abuse should be considered in the differential diagnosis of these problems.
(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121:1417-1420)
Drake AF, Makielski K, McDonald-Bell C, Atcheson B. Two New Otolaryngologic Findings in Child Abuse. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(12):1417-1420. doi:10.1001/archotol.1995.01890120073015