To test whether the use of fluticasone dipropionate nasal spray after endoscopic ethmoidectomy for multiple polyps is associated with a high incidence of infection.
Randomized control study comparing the incidence of infection with the use of beclomethasone dipropionate or fluticasone propionate nasal spray after functional endoscopic sphenoethmoidectomy. Patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months.
Patients and Methods:
Sixty patients with recurrent bilateral nasal polyps underwent functional endoscopic sphenoethmoidectomy and were then randomly allocated into 2 groups of 30 patients each. One group received beclomethasone dipropionate spray (100 μg in each nostril every 12 hours), and the other group received fluticasone propionate spray (100 μg/d in each nostril).
In the fluticasone propionate group, 6 patients (20%) developed acute gram-positive pansinusitis requiring hospitalization and discontinuation of treatment.
The use of fluticasone dipropionate aqueous nasal spray for the postoperative control of recurrent nasal polyps seems to be associated with a high incidence of acute pansinusitis.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;122:729-731
Mostafa BE. Fluticasone Propionate Is Associated With Severe Infection After Endoscopic Polypectomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;122(7):729-731. doi:10.1001/archotol.1996.01890190025007