Pasteurella multocida, a small gram-negative coccobacillus, colonizes the nasopharynx and gastrointestinal tract of many animals, including cats and dogs. Most human infections with P multocida are due to animal bites, but the respiratory tract is the second most common site of infection. We describe the third case report (to our knowledge) of acute P multocida epiglottitis. The mode of transmission in this case was inhalation of infectious nasopharyngeal secretions from cats. The patient responded well to treatment with penicillin, the drug of choice for P multocida infections. Therefore, infection with P multocida, though rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis in any case involving acute epiglottitis and exposure to cats.
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123:759-761
Wine N, Lim Y, Fierer J. Pasteurella multocida Epiglottitis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123(7):759-761. doi:10.1001/archotol.1997.01900070103018