KAREN H.CALHOUNMDRONALD B.KUPPERSMITHMDFrom the Division of Otolaryngology, George Washington University, Washington, DC.
Hypothesis: Patients older than 60 years are frequently seen by the otolaryngologist for voice complaints including hoarseness, effortful voicing, and voice fatigue. Because most of these patients have alterations in the neuromuscular physiology of the larynx, principally vocal fold paresis, rather than age-related changes of the larynx, they can be managed using modern techniques of vocal fold medialization and/or augmentation.
Bielamowicz S. Aging Voice or Vocal Fold ParesisWhat Can I Do About It?. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004;130(9):1114-1116. doi:10.1001/archotol.130.9.1114