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January 1, 2017, Vol 143, No. 1, Pages 3-97

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):3. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1345
Viewpoint

Endoscopic Repair of Tympanic Membrane Perforations An Exercise of Acrobatic Dexterity or the Sign of the Beginning of a New Era in Otology?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):11-12. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.3370

This Viewpoint discusses the advantage of the transcanal endoscopic approach for tympanoplasty.

Original Investigation

Characteristics of Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns Undergoing TracheotomyA Secondary Analysis of the Trial of Late Surfactant Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):13-19. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2428

This cohort analysis of extremely low gestational age newborns in the Trial of Late Surfactant evaluates the use of mean airway pressure as an indicator of the need for tracheotomy.

Association Between Electronic Medical Record Implementation and Otolaryngologist Productivity in the Ambulatory Setting

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):20-24. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2528

This observational study examines the association between transitioning to an electronic medical record system and physician productivity in otolaryngology.

Chronic Sinusitis and Risk of Head and Neck Cancer in the US Elderly Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):25-31. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2624

This study uses SEER-Medicare data to evaluate the associations of chronic sinusitis with subsequent head and neck cancers, including nasopharyngeal cancer, human papillomavirus–related oropharyngeal cancer, and nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer.

Survival and Surgical Outcomes for Pediatric Head and Neck Melanoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):34-40. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2630

This cohort study uses information from the National Cancer Data Base to examine the survival, demographic, tumor, and treatment characteristics of pediatric head and neck melanoma.

Increases in the Rate of Age-Related Hearing Loss in the Older Old

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):41-45. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2661

This medical record review uses audiometric evaluations at an academic medical center to determine if the rate of age-related hearing loss is constant in the older old.

Stakeholder-Engaged Measure Development for Pediatric Obstructive Sleep-Disordered BreathingThe Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Adenotonsillectomy Knowledge Scale for Parents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):46-54. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2681

This study develops a questionnaire to measure parents’ understanding of adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing as an aid in decision making and outcomes research.

Office-Based vs Traditional Operating Room Management of Recurrent Respiratory PapillomatosisImpact of Patient Characteristics and Disease Severity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):55-59. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2724

This medical record review of adult patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis investigates whether demographic or disease characteristics differ between patients undergoing office-based vs traditional operating room surgical treatment approaches.

Delays in Sound Recognition and Imitation in Underinsured Children Receiving Cochlear Implantation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):60-64. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2730

This study reviews the achievement of fundamental auditory recognition and sound imitation in children with cochlear implants and investigates whether underinsured patients would achieve these goals in a delayed manner.

Device Life of the Tracheoesophageal Voice Prosthesis Revisited

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):65-71. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2771

This observational study examined voice prosthesis device life across 390 patients in a large cancer hospital in the United States.

Sensory Topography of Oral Structures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):73-80. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2772

This study examines the use of novel sensory testing monofilaments to map the sensory threshold topography of oral and oropharyngeal subsites.

Invited Commentary

Can Chronic Sinusitis Cause Cancer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):32-33. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2649

Prosthetic Voice Rehabilitation Following LaryngectomyIt’s the Archer Not the Arrow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):72. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2881

Otolaryngologist—Beware of Zika

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):84-85. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.3432
Review

Zika Virus—What the Otolaryngologist Should KnowA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):81-84. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.3427

This review summarizes information on the Zika virus, its clinical courses, and diagnosis to educate otolaryngologists about relevant diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive measures.

Clinical Challenge

A Tracheal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):87-88. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1544

A woman had a cervical tracheal mass on magnetic resonance imaging for cervical spine pain; flexible fiber-optic nasolaryngoscopy demonstrated a smooth hypervascular mass arising from the posterior membranous trachea. What is your diagnosis?

Voice Change, Odynophagia, and Neck Pain Following a Sneeze

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):89-90. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1151

A man experienced sudden voice change, odynophagia, and neck pain following a single sneeze; laryngoscopy showed hematoma of the true vocal fold and laryngeal surface of the epiglottis with normal vocal fold movement and complete glottic closure. What is your diagnosis?

Incidental Finding in a Man With Objective Tinnitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):91-92. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0997

A man had recurrent episodes of unilateral high-pitched “clicking” in his right ear followed by vertigo that lasted 3 to 4 seconds but no hearing loss, aural fullness, autophony, or headache. What is your diagnosis?

An Unusual Cause of Anemia and Positive Fecal Occult Blood Test Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1671

A man presented with edema of the lower leg and suspected venous thrombosis; computed tomography revealed an esophageal intraluminal tubular mass of soft-tissue density originating just below the pyriform recessus and extending through the esophagus in the stomach lumen. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Misdiagnosis of a Tracheal Foreign Body of Decades-Long Duration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2050

This case report describes a woman in her 40s with a partially obstructive lesion in the subglottis and tracheal ring found to be attributed to a retained tracheal foreign body from early childhood.

Comment & Response

Surgical Treatment for T4 Oropharyngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):96-97. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2242

Surgical Treatment For T4 Oropharyngeal Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):97. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.2239
Correction

Incorrect Numbers at Risk in Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):97. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.4352
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):10. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1346
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