Neilan et al report and classify laryngeal clefts in a known mouse model in which the loss of ephrin-B2 signaling has disrupted normal midline fusion of the posterior laryngotracheal wall, leading to the development of upper aerodigestive anomalies.
Levi and colleagues evaluated tonsillectomy as a risk factor for increased risk of obesity in 200 children aged 2 to 12 years and 200 age- and sex-matched controls.
Licameli and colleagues evaluated the the long-term efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of pediatric patients with PFAPA syndrome.
Johnson and colleagues describe the implementation of a novel system of care for pediatric critical airway obstruction.
Hackett and coauthors evaluate sialoendoscopy as an alternative to traditional treatments for juvenile recurrent parotitis and sialolithiasis.
Ishman and colleagues evaluate interrater reliability using blinded evaluation of a skills-assessment instrument to assess the surgical performance of resident and fellow trainees performing pediatric direct laryngoscopy and rigid bronchoscopy in simulated models.
To create a video instruction tool, Tieu et al surveyed a national group of pediatric otolaryngologists to generate consensus ratings of velopharyngeal function on nasendoscopy.
Skirko and colleagues modified and evaluated a velopharyngeal insufficiency quality-of-life instrument that was tested for internal consistency, discriminant validity, and concurrent validity using a validation convenience sample from a previously conducted pilot study..
AlQudehy et al describe a consecutive series of children with laryngeal mobility disorders assessed by laryngeal electromyography, propose a grading system for laryngeal electromyography findings, and determine whether the laryngeal electromyography findings correlate with requirement for tracheostomy.
Daniel and coauthors report the results of in vitro testing with biodegradable antibiotic pellets for the treatment of biofilms, which are implicated in the etiology of otitis media with effusion.
Saliba and colleagues compare hyaluronic acid fat graft myringoplasty with fat graft myringoplasty on grade I tympanic membrane perforations and assess 12- month postoperative hearing outcomes in a pediatric population.
Maturo et al establish a normative pediatric acoustic database and analyze the acoustic characteristics of the age groups studied.
Cetin and coauthors evaluate the role of targeted cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition in reducing scarring associated with a subglottic airway mucosal injury.