In a cross-sectional analysis, Genther and Gourin determine the association between safety-net hospital care and short-term outcomes after head and neck cancer surgery.
Fried and coworkers investigated whether training otorhinolaryngology residents to criterion performance levels (proficiency) on the Endoscopic Sinus Surgery Simulator produces individuals whose performance in the operating room is at least equal to those who are trained by performing a fixed number of surgical procedures.
Merdad and coworkers sought to identify predictors of levels II and Vb involvement in papillary thyroid cancer with lateral neck metastasis in a consecutive sample of 185 patients who underwent 248 selective neck dissections.
To determine whether invasion of the pharyngeal constrictor muscle in early tonsil cancer correlates with lymph node metastasis, Park et al studied 48 patients with T2 cancer who underwent surgery. Regional metastasis, locoregional recurrence, and disease-specific survival were compared in those with vs without pharyngeal constrictor invasion.
Chan and colleagues retrospectively reviewed the use of positron emission tomography combined with contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the posttreatment setting in human papillomavirus–associated oropharyngeal carcinoma to assess the need for neck dissection.
Meyer and colleagues assess the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in patients with Prader-Willi syndrome.
Svrakic et al characterize tumor necrosis factor levels in patients with immunemediated sensorineural hearing loss and determine the role of this cytokine in identifying steroid-responsive hearing loss.
Sridhara and Brietzke evaluated the accuracy of engorged vasculature of the tympanic membrane in an arrangement of the spokes of a bicycle wheel, termed the spoke sign, as an otoscopic indicator of middle ear effusion in pediatric patients.
Effective treatment of hyposmia and hypogeusia stimulates growth factors that maintain sensory function. Henkin et al studied the safety and effectiveness of intranasal theophylline treatment.
Da Costa and coauthors objectively determined changes in sensorineural hearing in children with mucopolysaccharidosis by comparing audiological data before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.