Up to the time when the work was started in Lyons, there had been no systematic or extended efforts to carry out civilian relief among the children in any place in France, except in the war zone. The work in Lyons was definitely not only to relieve the local situation which was greatly complicated by the appearance of many refugees and rapatriés, but also to attempt to educate the people of France with the purpose of reducing infant mortality. While the infant mortality in France is not high in comparison with that of some other countries, the birth rate is so low, especially since the beginning of the war, that it is necessary to reduce materially the death rate among babies and children if France is to survive as a nation.
Our general plans of action here consisted, therefore, in two definite efforts, one was the development
GRULEE CG. THE WORK OF THE CHILDREN'S BUREAU OF THE AMERICAN RED CROSS IN LYONS. Am J Dis Child. 1918;16(4):220-225. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1918.01910160015003