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November 1920

A STUDY OF THE BLOOD AND ITS CIRCULATION IN NORMAL INFANTS AND IN INFANTS SUFFERING FROM CHRONIC NUTRITIONAL DISTURBANCES

Author Affiliations

CHRISTIANIA, NORWAY
From the St. Louis Children's Hospital and the Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine.

Am J Dis Child. 1920;20(5):366-392. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1920.01910290022002
Abstract

INTRODUCTION  The study of the nutritional disorders of infants has followed the development of medicine as a whole. The early Vienna school referred all disturbances to pathologic changes in the gastro-intestinal tract and classified the diseases anatomically. For example, there was gastritis, enteritis and colitis. When the knowledge of bacteriology became more developed, the bacteriologic factor was actively discussed and studied without leading to a much clearer conception of these disorders. It was not until chemistry became fully developed thatmore light was thrown on the nutritional disorders. It was, however, soon felt that even chemistry could not supply all the answers wanted and, therefore, the study of the child itself was emphasized. The constitutional factor was brought to the physician's attention. This point of view in pediatrics with Czerny as its chief exponent has never, so far as I can see, been completely accepted in America.There is a growing

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