Phlebitis or thrombophlebitis is apparently a rare complication following scarlet fever. In 1882, Southey1 reported a case of symmetrical gangrene of the skin of the abdomen in a child, 5 years old. It occurred fourteen days after the onset of the scarlatinal eruption. Sloughing took place on the eighth day, and healing was not complete until eight weeks later. Davies, in 1891, showed a girl of 9, who had developed symmetrical gangrenous areas over the legs, which spread rapidly to other parts of the body. This occurred during the third week of the scarlet fever and the patient died two days after the appearance of the first area of necrosis.
Wilson,2 in 1895, published a case of symmetrical gangrene of the face and sacral region following scarlet fever. The boy was 6 years old, and the gangrene started on the tenth day of convalescence. The patient died. In
HUENEKENS EJ, SIPERSTEIN DM. A CASE OF POSTSCARLATINAL PHLEBITIS. Am J Dis Child. 1923;26(5):447-450. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1923.04120170058007