Klippel and Feil,1 in 1913, described a case of complete absence of cervical vertebrae, and expressed the opinion that the examination of persons with short necks might often reveal the absence of one or more cervical vertebrae. Since then, many cases of Klippel-Feil's disease, or "congenital short neck," have been reported. The clinical picture is characteristic and easily recognizable. The cervical spine is obviously very short, the lower border of the hair low, the chin receding, the back of the head and neck flat and the movements of the head usually greatly limited. A webbing of the skin of the neck is sometimes present and may be found without any decrease in the length of the neck.
The webbing was first described by Kobylinski2 in 1882, but no relationship between this condition and congenital short neck was suggested until 1922, when Drachter,3 describing a case of congenital
FRAWLEY JM. CONGENITAL WEBBING. Am J Dis Child. 1925;29(6):799-805. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1925.04120300073009