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February 1926

INDEX OF REFRACTION OF BREAST MILK SERUM

Author Affiliations

NEW HAVEN, CONN.
From the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Yale University. Thesis done in partial fulfilment for the degree of M.D., June, 1925.

Am J Dis Child. 1926;31(2):218-227. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1926.04130020070007
Abstract

In pediatric institutions, so much breast milk is now used for infant feeding that to obtain it from resident wetnurses is no longer always practical. Instead, many institutions purchase breast milk from mothers who deliver it in sterile containers. Breast milk is also being handled in the dried form. With this universal demand, the commercial production and distribution of mothers' milk is fast assuming the proportions of an industry. Chapin1 describes "breast milk dairying." Hoobler2 states that the output from the Detroit bureau of wetnurses for the last ten years has been 414,000 ounces, at the average price of 18 cents an ounce. Kappeller and Gottfried3 report that in the small town of Magdeburg 431 liters of breast milk were used in a period of six months. They point out that with a large market for human milk, the danger arises that unscrupulous mothers may dilute the

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