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March 1927


Author Affiliations

From the Laboratory of Household Science, the University of California.

Am J Dis Child. 1927;33(3):404-407. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1927.04130150043003

Two comparisons of fruit and milk as supplementary lunches for school children have been carried out by this department. The first was made by Margaret S. Chaney1 in 1923 at the Claremont school in Oakland, with 200 undernourished children as subjects. These children were all 7 per cent or more underweight according to the Wood standard.2 Using different subjects, she made two trials of eight weeks each, and weight, standing and sitting height, as well as medical and dental records, were noted at the beginning and end of each period. The children were nearly all of prepubescent age, varying in age from 5 to 14 years. No attempt was made to influence the home diets, which must have varied widely, although probably no poverty was present. In both trials the children receiving oranges as supplementary food showed the largest amount of growth; those receiving milk, the next largest;

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