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December 1928

TUMORS OF THE SPINAL CORD IN CHILDHOOD

Author Affiliations

NEW YORK
From the Department of Neurological Surgery, Neurological Institute, New York.

Am J Dis Child. 1928;36(6):1184-1203. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1928.01920300093008
Abstract

Incidence

Review of the Literature

Relation of Tumors of the Spinal Cord in Children to Membranes of the Spinal Cord

Age, Duration of Symptoms, Level and Pathologic Diagnosis

Presenting Symptoms

Sensory Changes and Paraesthesias

Bladder and Rectal Disturbances

Effects of Lumbar Puncture

Examination of the Spinal Fluid

Level and Position of Tumor

Preoperative and Postoperative Diagnosis and Operative Results—Mortality

Conclusions

Among 165 verified tumors of the spinal cord for which operation was performed at the Neurological Institute, between 1910 and 1926 inclusive, 8 were found in children 12 years of age or under. Two of the eight children were operated on before 1922, and the remaining six after that date. It is probable that the greater number of cases found in later years is due to the progress made in the recognition of tumors of the spinal cord by the neurologic signs and the information gained by such special tests

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