Cystography is the delineation of the bladder as obtained roentgenologically when this viscus is filled with a contrast medium. While cystography has become a highly valued and generally employed aid in the diagnosis of certain forms of disease of the urinary tract in adults, application of the method to kindred clinical problems in infants and children has not become extensive. Two factors in particular account for its relatively scant employment in pediatric cases: (1) lack of appreciation both of the potential diagnostic value of cystography and of its technical simplicity; (2) failure of physicians to seek urologic advice and aid in caring for these young patients having obvious disease of the urinary tract.
Although a normal cystogram will be obtained in a great many cases, a certain number will show striking evidence of urologic disease, and with surprising frequency properly interpreted cystograms alone will suffice to establish the correct diagnosis.
CAMPBELL MF. CYSTOGRAPHY IN INFANCY AND IN CHILDHOOD. Am J Dis Child. 1930;39(2):386-402. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1930.01930140148016