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There was a remarkable family who for over a hundred years numbered among its members some of the most skilful surgeons in France; the most famous of these was Jacques Guillemeau, who was born in Orleans in 1550. He was given a classic education and later devoted himself to the study of surgery under Riolan, Courtin and Ambrose Paré, who took him as an assistant in several military campaigns. He also spent four years with the Spanish army in Flanders. He returned to Paris in 1581, where he was on the staff of the Hôtel Dieu. He became noted as a surgeon and also for his work in obstetrics. He served as surgeon to Charles IX, Henry III and Henri IV. He improved the trephine, was the first to extirpate aneurysms after placing a bandage above and below. He recommended the prompt dilation of wounds made by fire-arms and the
RUHRÄH J. JACQUES GUILLEMEAU 1550-1612. Am J Dis Child. 1931;41(5):1172-1178. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940110166012