The following case is of sufficient interest because of its comparative rarity and the unusual coincidental complication of measles to warrant reporting it briefly.
A hasty review of the literature provides no strictly comparable case, and only one other case was encountered in which a coincidental contagious disease occurred. This was reported by Pepper and Lucké, in 1921, and occurred in a boy, aged 14, with rather severe scarlet fever and associated nephritis. At autopsy, it was found that only a single kidney was present, and this had been severely damaged by the infection, the resultant nephritis being the cause of death. In the case reported here I feel that the measles was an entirely coincidental condition, being of but questionable significance as a contributing factor in causing the death of the child.
REPORT OF CASE
History.—Donald M., aged 5½ years, was admitted to the Willard Parker Hospital with
SMITH LW. CONGENITAL ABSENCE OF ONE KIDNEY WITH ASSOCIATED URETHRORECTAL FISTULA AND CONCOMITANT MEASLES. Am J Dis Child. 1931;42(6):1417-1423. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1931.01940190140011