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This portrait of a young prince of the eighteenth dynasty of Egyptian rulers (1580-1350 B. C.) shows a deformity of the right leg which is frequently referred to as illustrating an early case of poliomyelitis. It might, however, be due to some other lesion in the nervous system or to a disease of the hip joint contracted in infancy. The portrait is of Ruma, and his wife Imoa, both Syrians, and their child. Ruma had charge of the temple of Astarte in Memphis, from which the stele doubtless came (Hamburger, O.: Bull. Soc. franç. d'hist. de la méd.10: 407, 1911). Another possible illustration of poliomyelitis is the talipes equinus shown in the mummy of the Pharaoh Siptah of the nineteenth dynasty, who died 1209 B. C. (Smith, G. E.: The Royal Mummies, Cairo, 1912). The portrait above is taken from a small colored stele, 27 by 18 cm., in
RUHRÄH J. POLIOMYELITIS?. Am J Dis Child. 1932;43(1):195. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1932.01950010202019