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Cranach (or Kranach) Lucas, the elder (1472-1553), was closely associated with his son, and it is not always possible to say which one painted the pictures ascribed to them. The painting reproduced here, photographed from the original in the Pinakothek in Munich, shows the Madonna and child, and curiously enough the foot of the latter reveals a marked deformity on the widely separated large toe and the one that adjoins it. This is one of the few congenital deformities figured in art. (The photograph is by F. Bruckmann, Munich.)
RUHRÄH J. CONGENITAL DEFORMITY. Am J Dis Child. 1932;43(3):714. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1932.01950030184020