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The lying-in chamber was a favorite subject of artists, and many scenes were depicted. Many of these pictures have been collected in a volume by Dr. Robert Müllerheim, of Berlin, entitled "Die Wochenstube in der Kunst." A considerable number of them have pediatric interests as well, such as the illustration of a Tyrol lying-in scene by an unknown master of the south Tyrol school. This shows the Holy Family. The head of the bed is protected from draughts and cold. The Child is about to be bathed, and in the absence of the present-day bath thermometer the nurse is using the homely but effective method of testing the water with her bare feet, showing a shocking lack of the precautions against infections now in vogue. Felix Würtz said about this: "Touching Baths of Children, it is known that they are bathed sometimes so hot, that the heat thereof is scarcely
RUHRÄH J. TESTING TEMPERATURE. Am J Dis Child. 1933;45(5):1089. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1933.01950180161016