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March 1937

PHYSICAL STATUS OF TWO HUNDRED AND NINETEEN PUEBLO INDIAN CHILDREN

Author Affiliations

WASHINGTON, D. C.; ALBUQUERQUE, N. M.; NEW HAVEN, CONN.

Am J Dis Child. 1937;53(3):739-749. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1937.04140100069004
Abstract

A study of the general physical status of 219 Pueblo Indian children who were from 7 to 11 years of age and who lived in eight pueblos or villages was made in the summer and fall of 1934. Six of the villages were in New Mexico, and two were in Arizona. The children had been the subject of anthropometric measurements for three years.1

The Pueblo Indians are a group of agricultural tribes living in villages in north central New Mexico and northeast Arizona. This region is located in the driest and sunniest part of the United States. The altitude is high, varying between 5,000 and 7,000 feet (1,524 and 2,134 meters); the temperature is subject to wide variations both daily and seasonally.2

These people live in houses built of adobe (mud cakes). The rooms are likely to be dark since windows are few. The windows and doors are,

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