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June 1939

DENTAL CARIES AMONG ESKIMOS OF THE KUSKOKWIM AREA OF ALASKAIII. A DIETARY STUDY OF THREE ESKIMO SETTLEMENTS

Author Affiliations

WITH THE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE OF CLARE LOWENBERG, M.S. NEW YORK
From the Departments of Bacteriology and Biological Chemistry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, Columbia University.

Am J Dis Child. 1939;57(6):1343-1362. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1939.01990060123010
Abstract

In the previous reports in this series details were given of clinical, bacteriologic and chemical studies relating to dental caries among Eskimos of the isolated Kuskokwim area of southwestern Alaska. Among other findings it appeared that the prevalence of caries is closely correlated with degree of contact with the white man and that the types of caries found in abundance, particularly among the less primitive natives, are essentially those which predominate among the young of other lands. The bacteriologic and chemical data, which confirmed previous findings among white peoples, may help to explain certain aspects of the mechanism of dental caries; yet they throw little light on the more fundamental question of the cause of the disease, that is, on the reasons which underlie the susceptibility of certain persons to caries and the freedom of others from it. Among the Eskimo subjects of this investigation, however, the simple fact that

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