In 1922 Koch1 described leukemia in a stillborn premature infant. Since that time there have appeared sporadic case reports of congenital leukemia. Büngeler2 pointed out some of the difficulties of diagnosing leukemia in the newborn; he emphasized the failure of earlier writers to differentiate between erythroblastosis foetalis and leukemia and stated that certain cases of von Jaksch anemia may also have been a source of confusion. Kornmann3 collected 5 cases previously described and added a sixth. The present report summarizes the literature and presents an additional case of congenital leukemia.
REPORT OF A CASE
R. B. A., a boy, was admitted to the Babies Hospital when 30 days old with a history of purpura and fever of seven days' duration. The parents were well. There was no family history of a tendency to bleed. The patient was the result of the first pregnancy. Birth was effected with
KELSEY WM, ANDERSEN DH. CONGENITAL LEUKEMIA. Am J Dis Child. 1939;58(6):1268-1277. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1939.01990110132012