The term epituberculosis was originally applied to a type of chronic, nonspecific pulmonary infiltration occurring in children, which evolves on a tuberculous background, runs a protracted course and subsequently clears.1 Although patients with this condition usually appear in good general health and exhibit little clinical evidence of illness other than low grade fever, cough and night sweats with slight loss of weight and a positive tuberculin reaction, still the massive pulmonary shadows appearing on roentgen examination of such patients led to considerable speculation over the nature, development and benign course of the pathologic process. Frequent association of these pulmonary changes with the primary tuberculous lesion found in the lungs of children left little doubt as to the important role of that lesion, but the absence of positive sputum or of tuberculosis elsewhere in the pulmonary fields and the gradual disappearance of the large shadows militated against their specificity.
SAILER S. SO-CALLED EPITUBERCULOSIS. Am J Dis Child. 1940;60(4):900-906. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1940.02000040119010