Progress in Pediatrics
November 1943


Author Affiliations

From the Institute of Hygiene of the School of Medicine of Montevideo, Dr. Arnoldo N. Berta, Director.

Am J Dis Child. 1943;66(5):539-551. doi:10.1001/archpedi.1943.02010230071008

THE IMPORTANCE OF SUMMER DIARRHEA AS A CAUSE OF INFANTILE MORTALITY  Situated between the thirtieth and the thirty-fifth parallel of latitude in the southern hemisphere, Uruguay is in the temperate zone, and its climate is comparable to that of the European shore of the Mediterranean. The incidence of various diseases is similar to that of other countries in the same latitude, and such diseases as malaria, yellow fever and typhus are not known to occur in this country. Infantile mortality in the first year of life is approximately 10 per cent, and this percentage is one of the lowest infantile mortality rates in South America. According to Schiaffino,1 it decreased very little from 1895 to 1935—from 11 to 9 per cent. Bauzá,2 comparing the number of deaths in 1926 and in 1935, found a mortality of 9.34 and 10.19 per cent, respectively, for those years. With a population

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